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This manual provides guidance for planning and executing training on the mm Mseries rifle (M16A1/A2/A3/A4) and M4 carbine. It is a guide for. M16/A2 and M4 FM Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Department of the Army. (, August). Rifle marksmanship M/M4-series weapons (FM ). Washington, DC: Author. Dyer, J. L., Schaefer, P. S., Bink, .

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Two consecutive 3-round groups are shot with 6 of 6 rounds in the 4-cm circle. Ten firing points are reserved to conduct corrective instruction. Soldiers are emphasizing safety through out training refer to TM Ensure the four fundamentals are being integrated into all exercises IAW this manual. If several malfunctions occur and are not corrected by cleaning and lubricating, the ejector spring, extractor spring, and extractor should be replaced.

If the markdmanship is nervous, the coach has the firer breath deeply several times to relax. Customers who bought this product also purchased Inspection of the ammunition could reveal a shallow indentation or no mark on the primer, indicating a firing pin malfunction FigureB. Expedient destruction requires that key operational parts be separated from the rifle or damaged beyond repair.

Using the butt of the rifle as a pivot, the firer rolls onto his nonfiring side, placing the nonfiring elbow close to the side of the magazine. Usually, tapping the butt of the rifle on a hard surface rufle the cartridge to fall out of the chamber.


It also teaches peer coaching responsibilities and sight manipulation while emphasizing safety. Use the vertical pistol grip during heavy sustained fire. The M tracer cartridge has characteristics similar to the Ml 96 tracer with a slightly longer tracer burnout distance.

FM Table of Contents

Most units have a readiness requirement that all soldiers must zero their rifles within a certain time after unit assignment.

What f constraints or training distracters can you overcome for the junior officer and NCO?

The firer must be aware of the rifle’s movement while sighted on a target as a result of breathing. The first order fires while the second order coaches. This exercise incorporates the soldier’s position; breathing and trigger squeeze at a target 25 meters away, simulating a live fire 25 -meter engagement. Additional mechanical training is available in TM to include disassembly, maintenance, assembly, loading, and sight manipulation. However, an individual or unit eventually loses skill proficiency.

Reinforce preliminary marksmanship instruction PMI by performing the integrated act of shooting, and shoot two consecutive shot groups within a 4-cm circle at 25 meters. Soldiers are responsible for always keeping their weapons clean and operational in training and in combat and, therefore, should be issued an operator ‘s technical manual and cleaning equipment for their assigned weapons.

When the firer initially clears the rifle, the cartridge could strike an inside surface of the receiver and bounce back into the path of the bolt. Table page shows the characteristics of various accessories.


Immediate action involves quickly applying mwrksmanship possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause. If necessary, the soldier should mechanically zero the weapon as follows: He connects the three bullet holes on his target with a straight line and places a number inside the shot group.

FM 3-22.9 Rifle Marksmanship M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4, M4 CARBINE

The proper trigger squeeze should start with slight pressure on the trigger during the initial aiming process. Coaches are analyzing the firer’s fundamentals. Although any notch is acceptable, testing has shown that the farther away the M68 is from the soldier’s eyes, the better his field of view.

SRTA ammunition must be used with the M2 training bolt. The X represents the center of all three shot groups. The front sight post is vital to proper firing and should be replaced when damaged. The trainer must set up a range and conduct training of at least one person.

Ensure peer coaching is being emphasized IAW this manual.

Dime and Washer Exercise. With the base of a cartridge case firmly against the face of the bolt, the ejector and ejector spring are compressed into the bolt body. Conduct marksmanship diagnostic test.